10 Essential Steps to Protect Your Home This Winter
With these top tips you’ll be ready for the cold winter months
1. Cover Your Air Conditioner
Whether you have an in-wall unit or central air, you’ll want to get both covered up before winter arrives. For in-wall units, you can find all kinds of covers at your local hardware store that are designed to fit snugly around the outside of your AC unit. As for central air conditioners, you can use any vinyl or plastic cover you have handy. This will keep the unit protected from falling ice and prevent rusting over subsequent winters. Just be sure to clean any dust, droppings, or dirt off the unit before bundling it up.
2. Clean Out Your Gutters
De-gunking your gutters should usually be done two to four times a year, depending on how many trees you have. But it is especially important to get the crud out of there before the cold sets in. As soon as the temperature drops below freezing, all those dead leaves and pine needles are going to freeze into a solid chunk of organic mush. By clearing out that putrid potpourri in the fall you’ll ensure that the snow on your roof has a clear path to the ground come springtime.
3. Seal Gaps in Your Doors and Windows
Check around the outside of your windows for cracks in the framing or trim and seal them using your caulking gun. As for the front door, weather stripping is your best friend. Head to your hardware store, grab a roll, and lay a strip of it down between the door and the molding, then pause for applause from your family.
4. Assess Your Roof’s Integrity
The best way to determine your roof’s integrity is to do a visual inspection. Once you’ve scrambled up the ladder, you’ll want to look for sections of the roof where the shingles are cracking, bending, or just plain missing. Loose screws and rusted panels should also be investigated to see if there are some potential leaks in the making.
5. Reverse Your Ceiling Fan
If your ceiling fan can run backwards, it must have good coordination. But seriously folks, running your fan in reverse will redistribute the warm air from your furnace as it rises towards the ceiling, providing a more uniform temperature. Some fan models include a switch on the outside of the unit, while others are built into the housing itself. You may need to unscrew the casing around the fan motor to access the switch, but it takes no more effort than changing a light bulb! (apart from the unscrewing, dismantling, and potentially voided warranty)
6. Stow Your Yard Equipment
Any yard equipment you used during the summer should be cleaned up and drained of fuel before winter. If the fuel in your lawn mower or other motorized implement uses a preservative, you can siphon it off and store it in a gas canister for later use. After draining the gas tank, run the motor to use up any remaining gas in the fuel lines. For mowers, you’ll also want to scrape off any grass that is caked onto the blades. This can be done with a putty knife or wire brush. You should also take this time to change the oil, air filter, and spark plug so there’s one less thing to do in the Spring.
7. Make Sure Your Snowblower is Working
If you haven’t run your snow blower in awhile, you’ll probably want to change the motor oil, spark plug, and air filter before firing it up. Once that basic maintenance is out of the way go ahead and turn it on to ensure that everything is running smoothly. You should also lubricate the chute, levers, and linkages throughout the machine so that everything turns easily once you’re slinging snow.
8. Flush Your Sprinklers
If your lawn has a sprinkler system you probably already know to shut the water off before the ground freezes. But there’s also the small matter of flushing the existing water out of the pipes. To do that, open up the manual valve and flip on the system or, alternatively, use a compressor to blow the remaining water out of the system.
9. Check Your Furnace
Furnace filters should be changed at least every three months, though some recommend changing them as frequently as once a month. The best thing for your furnace is to call an HVAC professional to come out and inspect it for you to make sure everything is operational. During their inspection, they’ll clean the furnace and change the filter for you. It’s also worth paying a little more to have them clean out your ducts while they are there.
10. Look for Peeling Paint
Give your home’s exterior the once-over to make sure there’s no paint chipping off the side of your home. Flaking paint is usually a sign of water damage and should be fixed before winter sets in. If you do find areas of the house with peeling paint, scrape it off until the surface is smooth. Then, sand down the surface of the house in preparation for a single coat of primer and two coats of latex paint. Wait 30 minutes between each application of primer/paint.